Project organisation is one of the most crucial parts of project planning. It is a structure that is designed for the successful execution of a project. It provides a complete framework for a project and ensures that the project is arranged in a manageable structure.
In project organisation, the complexity of a project is structured and the sequence of project activities is defined.
The first step of project organisation is project design in which the course of the project, the flow of project activities and allocation of resources are determined.
Then, the roles and responsibilities of individuals involved in the project are assigned. Finally, the general principles and guidelines of project planning are implemented.
The individuals who are responsible for project organisation are categorized into the following three different groups:
- Directors of the project
- Project team
- Steering committee
The way planning is done under different organisational structures are explained below:
- Line and staff project organisation
- Matrix project organisation
- Pure project organisation